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Title: Modern examination methods in pulmonology
Authors: Nongo, Tersoo
Pytetska, Natalya
Keywords: Pulmonology
modern examination methods
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: Nongo T. Modern examination methods in pulmonology / T. Nongo, N. Pytetska // Morden examination technique in pulmonology : International scientific students’ conference, Kharkiv, 4th of December, 2014 : abstract book. – Kharkiv : KhNMU, 2014. − P. 42.
Abstract: Pulmonology is known as chest medicine and respiratory medicine in some countries and areas. Pulmonology is considered a branch of internal medicine, and is related to intensive care medicine. In addition to qualitative establishment of diagnosis the aim of modern investigational procedures is quantitative analysis of disease extension and of functional impairment. The most important endoscopic-bioptical techniques for establishment of diagnosis are bronchoscopy and thoracoscopy. In bronchology flexible bronchoscopy with a relative share of about 90% clearly holds now a dominant position versus the rigid technique. Suspected cancer is the most prominent indication (ca. 60%). Visible intrabronchial lesions can be diagnosed in more than 90%. In extrabronchial and peripheral bronchopulmonary disease technical aids like transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA), bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) or transbronchial biopsy (TBB) are required, resulting in a diagnostic yield, that may range between 30 and 90% depending on the particular disease entity. Thoracoscopy is the second most important endoscopic procedure and accounts for about 1/10 of the investigational frequency of bronchoscopy. PROCEDURES • Laboratory investigation of blood (blood tests). Sometimes arterial blood gas measurements are also required. • Spirometry (the determination of lung volumes in time by breathing into a dedicated machine; response to bronchodilatators and diffusion of carbon monoxide) • Bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), endobronchial and transbronchial biopsy and epithelial brushing • Chest X-rays • CT scanning (MRI scanning is rarely used) • Scintigraphy and other methods of nuclear medicine • Positron emission tomography (especially in lung cancer) Devices Used: Spirometer, Bronchoscope, X-ray tubes, CT-Scanner, Scintigraph, PET-CT scanners etc.
Appears in Collections:Наукові роботи молодих вчених. Кафедра пропедевтики внутрішньої медицини № 1, основ біоетики та біобезпеки

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