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Title: Use of ultrasound in pulmonary examination
Authors: Kochubiei, Oksana
Кочубей, Оксана Анатольевна
Кочубєй, Оксана Анатоліївна
Ащеулова, Тетяна Вадимівна
Ащеулова, Татьяна Вадимовна
Ashcheulova, Tetyana
Weyulu, Selma
Keywords: Ultrasound
pulmonary examination
Issue Date: Dec-2014
Publisher: KhNMU
Citation: Weyulu S. Use of ultrasound in pulmonary examination / S. Weyulu О. Kochubiei, T. Ashcheulova // Modern examination technique in pulmonology : internetional scientific students’ conference, Kharkiv, 4 of December, 2014 : abstract book. – Kharkiv : KhNMU, 2014. – Р. 58.
Abstract: Ultrasound: An ultrasound scan also called sonography is an imaging method that uses high-frequency sound waves to produce precise images of structures within the body. Lung sonography is an emerging and useful technique in the management of some pulmonary diseases. Many years ago sonorgraphy of the thorax was limited to the study of the pleural effusion and thoracic superficial masses because alveolar and bones of thoracic cage limit the propagation of the ultrasound beam. Recently it was found out that lung sonography is highly sensitive to variation of pulmonary content and balance between air fluids. Pulmonary ultrasound can be used to detect: - pulmonary congestion, acute pulmonary embolism, pulmonary edema, interstitial syndromes, pneumothorax, pneumonia, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, hemothorax, peripheral abscess and tumors. Ultrasound can be also used to guide the needle during thoracentesis or biopsy. Ultrasound technique is non invansive (the skin is not cut or pierced) therefore its not painful. Risks are minimized since there is no use of radiation. Severe obesity may interfere with the chest ultrasound. Procedure: the patient is asked to remove everything that may interfere with the scan. Examination is usually done in lying position back or side depending o the specific area to be examined. An ultrasound gel will be applied on the skin over the area to be examined, the transducer will be placed in this area moving in the area to be studied. After the procedure the gel is then wiped off. Generally there is no special care following ultrasound chest scan. While the CT scan of the chest is considered the gold standard for the imaging diagnosis of all the conditions listed so far, it is neither inexpensive nor available. Ultrasound compares favourably with CT scan in the diagnostic ability for some disease conditions, most prominently pneumothorax, where it has a sensitivity of 92% compared to CT. In addition it is relatively cheap and is readily available at the bedside making it easier and faster to get an ultrasound imaging than a chest X-ray. For these reasons, ultrasound is fast becoming an essential part of the chest imaging. Ultrasound is safer than other Pulmonary Examination.
Appears in Collections:Наукові роботи молодих вчених. Кафедра пропедевтики внутрішньої медицини № 1, основ біоетики та біобезпеки

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