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|Title:||Bronchoscopy is alternative testing in pulmonology|
|Citation:||Saloum Ibrahim. Bronchoscopy is alternative testing in pulmonology / Ibrahim Saloum, О. Kochubiei // Evolution of examination methods in pulmonology, gastroenterology, and nephrology : internetional scientific student’s conference, Kharkiv, 1 of April 2014 : abstract book. – Kharkiv : KhNMU, 2014. – Р. 35–36.|
|Abstract:||Bronchoscopy is a medical procedure involving the direct examination of one's air passages (the larynx, trachea, and bronchi) via the use of a flexible, lighted tube called a bronchoscope The bronchoscope is a piece of equipment that can be directed and moved around the bends in the larynx, trachea, and bronchi. These images are transmitted through the bronchoscope either to the eyepiece or a video screen. An open channel in the scope allows other instruments to be passed through it to take tissue samples (biopsies) or to remove fluid. The flexible bronchoscope may be passed transnasally, transorally, or through an endotracheal or nasotracheal tube, tracheostomy or stoma. There are many medical reasons for having a bronchoscopy. The following are some reasons for performing a bronchoscopy: abnormal findings on a chest x-ray;CT scan abnormal finding; coughing up blood; pneumonia; tuberculosis; pain; unexplained cough/ Bronchoscopy is carried out: to obtain specimens for microbiology and for histology; to assess hemoptysis; to assess unresolved lung abscess, pneumonia or atelectasis; to assess airway involvement in a burn patient; to evaluate bronchial abnormalities; to remove foreign bodies; to evaluate trachea and or lungs prior to surgery; to evaluate trachea and or lungs post surgery, post radiation, or post chemotherapy; to place a brachy therapy catheter prior to radiation; to treat strictures and insert stents; Bronchoscopy is usually performed on an outpatient basis. It is performed with the patient lying on their back. The patient is sedated with MAC. The physician will insert the bronchoscope through your mouth and throat or through the nose, then down past the vocal cords to your windpipe and into your lungs. When the tube passes through your vocal cords you may feel the urge to cough or feel some minor discomfort. The feeling is not unusual and is temporary. Occasionally, the examination is done with the aid of x-ray equipment to help your physician locate the exact area from which to take a sample. Pain is unlikely to occur during the procedure. The benefits of bronchoscopy include: • The physician can see abnormalities, like inflammation or bleeding, through the bronchoscope that don't show up well on x-rays. • Copious fluid can be removed from lungs. • The physician can insert instruments into the scope to treat abnormalities or remove samples of tissue (biopsy) for further tests. Alternative testing of bronchoscopy includes x-ray exams, CAT scans and MRI. Bronchoscopy is a safe test that carries little risk. Complications are rare, but if they occur, they may include collapsed lung, bleeding from the sample site, and an allergic reaction to medicines, hoarseness, and slight fever. Only rarely do patients experience other more serious complications. Due to sedation, the patient should not drive or operate machinery for the remainder of the day following the exam. Bronchoscopy is a simple outpatient exam which can uncover a serious medical problem. Specific diagnoses can be made. Treatment programs can be evaluated, or reassurance can be provided when the exam is normal. It is one of the most useful and simple exams in medicine.|
|Appears in Collections:||Наукові роботи молодих вчених. Кафедра пропедевтики внутрішньої медицини № 1, основ біоетики та біобезпеки|
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