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|Название: ||General nutritional practices in school-age children of Kharkiv region|
|Авторы: ||Chaychenko, T.|
Чайченко, Т. В.
|Ключевые слова: ||Nutrition|
general nutritional practices
|Issue Date: ||2018|
|Библиографическое описание: ||General nutritional practices in school-age children of Kharkiv region / T. Chaychenko, M. Gonchar, T. Chumachenko, V. Klymenko, O. Rybka, M. Kharkova, E. Petrenko, D. Starik // Inter Collegas. – 2018. – Vol. 5, № 3. – P. 126–128.|
|Аннотация: ||Pediatric nutrition has become one of the cornerstones of global health due to its
association with the most insidious non-communicable diseases. As part of the research
"Assessment of the current nutritional status, nutrition-related health problems in school-age
children in Ukraine", conducted at Kharkiv National Medical University, general nutritional
habits and practices of school-age children of Kharkiv region were assessed for the further
elaboration of educational programs. Current nutritional status was assessed by using original
questionnaire (adapted from the FAO recommendations) in 392 school-age children, divided
into 3 groups: primary school (75 children aged 6–9), middle school (202 children aged 10–14)
and high school (115 children aged 15–18.), who were randomly selected in urban and rural
areas of the region.
The study showed a trend for irregular nutrition, ascending with age. Family traditions for
regular meals are still powerful. There is a decrease of this tendency in high-school age,
when the quarter of children become less sure in exact impact factors on the choice of food.
It was established that about 20 % of school-age children skipped their breakfasts, but
understood possible health-related outcomes. Almost all children were found to have unhealthy
snacks such as pastry, sweets and sugary beverages. Besides, 80 % of school-age children
spend their pocket money on food and purchase it at the nearest groceries or school canteen.
And this tendency is statistically higher in middle-school age. There is no particular involvement
of parents in day-time nourishment as just 13 % of them give lunch-boxes to their children.
1. Nutrition of school-age children is not balanced with incorrect energy distribution during
the working day: tendency for skipping breakfasts and to have multiple unhealthy snacks
between main meals (pastry, sweets, sugary drinks etc.).
2. Educational programs for school-aged children must be focused on the choice of healthy
snacks and drinks as well as outcomes of inappropriate nutrition. Particular attention should
be paid to the education of middle-school children.
3. Parents should be actively involved in the educational programs due to the significant
influence of family traditions on the nutrition of school-age children.|
|Appears in Collections:||Наукові праці. Кафедра педіатрії № 1 та неонатології|
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