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Title: Rest, stress and its effects on mental and physical activity
Authors: Oluronbi Olubunmi, Ifeolu
Кармазина, Ирина Станиславовна
Исаева, Инна Николаевна
Isaeva, I.N.
Karmazina, I.S
Keywords: rest
physical activity
Issue Date: 12-May-2015
Publisher: Харківський національний медичний університет
Citation: Oluronbi Olubunmi Ifeolu. Rest, stress and its effects on mental and physical activity / Oluronbi Olubunmi Ifeolu, I. N. Isaeva, I. S. Karmazina // Фізіологія медицині, фармації та педагогіці: «Актуальні проблеми та сучасні досягнення» : тези доповідей ІI Всеукраїнської студентської наукової конференції з фізіології з міжнародною участю, Харків, 12 травня 2015 р. – Харків, 2015. – С. 6–8.
Abstract: In these modern times the rate of illnesses that are related to stress and it’s frequency, especially among teenagers is alarming, while the explanation you’ll hear is “there is no time” this is not entirely true as time is constant, However studies have shown that those who have a time-table and follow through have ‘more time’ than those who procrastinate. This will later result in stress as the amount of sleep the body needs is being cut short. This being stated it is definitely important to view the relationship between rest and stress, as it is of great significance to reduce the rate of the diseases produced by this very common phenomenon. The first way of going about this is to find the cause of stress and to see the amount of rest regarded as adequate. Although a lot of people know that lack of rest leads to stress and its most common form of manifestation is Depression, they probably haven’t realized why depression and its relation to our - 7 - hormonal regulation. Stress is amount of force exerted per unit area; Nature’s way of improving our productivity; Consequences of the failure of the body to appropriately respond to external threats (emotional or physical) be they real or imagined.The body’s stress response is perfect in the short-term, but damaging if it goes on for weeks or years. Raised levels of cortisol for prolonged periods can damp down your immune system and decrease the number of brain cells so impairing memory. It can also affect blood pressure and the fats in the blood making it more likely for heart attack or stroke.
Description: The increased rate of stress in students is due to lack of an equilibrium between rest, sleep and exertion, which also causes their drop in grades after a few months back in school. The mental factors were affected by the hypersecretion of cortisol, as it undergoes a cascade of reactions, this causes neurons to admit more calcium through channels in their membrane In the short-term cortisol presumably helps the brain to cope with the life-threatening situation(like the first two months). However, if - 8 - neurons become over-loaded with calcium they fire too frequently and die – they are literally excited to death. These go a long way to tell us that an equilibrium between rest and mental or physical exertion leads to increased mental activity, while a shift in equilibrium in case of greater exertion over relaxation leads to decreased mental activity, depression, frustration and stress related sickness.
Appears in Collections:Наукові праці. Кафедра фізіології

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