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Title: Genetic engineering and cloning
Authors: Kompaniiets, Kira
Titilope, Khairat Salawu
Keywords: Genetic engineering
Issue Date: 31-Mar-2015
Citation: Titilope S. K. Genetic engineering and cloning / S. K. Titilope, K. Kompaniiets // Implementation of bioethics principles in clinical practice : IV International Scientific student's conference dedicated to the 210th anniversary of Kharkiv National Mеdical University, Kharkiv, 31th of March 2015 : abstract book. – Kharkiv, 2015. – С. 55.
Abstract: Genetic engineering can also be used to remove genetic material from the target organism, creating a gene knockout organism. The most commercialised GMO's are insect resistant and/or herbicide tolerant crop plants. Organisms are genetically engineered to discover the functions of certain genes. Using genetic engineering techniques one can transform microorganisms such as bacteria or yeast, or transform cells from multicellular organisms such as insects or mammals, with a gene coding for a useful protein, such as an enzyme, so that the transformed organism will overexpress the desired protein. Cloning is the process of producing similar populations of genetically identical individuals that occurs in nature when organisms such as bacteria, insects or plants reproduce asexually. Organism cloning (also called reproductive cloning) refers to the procedure of creating a new multicellular organism, genetically identical to another. In essence this form of cloning is an asexual method of reproduction, where fertilization or inter-gamete contact does not take place. The term clone is used in horticulture to refer to descendants of a single plant which were produced by vegetative reproduction or apomixis.
Appears in Collections:Наукові роботи молодих вчених. Кафедра пропедевтики внутрішньої медицини № 1, основ біоетики та біобезпеки

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