Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repo.knmu.edu.ua/handle/123456789/14730
Title: Topographo-morphometric characteristics of the human renal pyramids of the upper end at mature and elderly ages
Authors: Dudenko, Volodymyr Grygorovych
Vdovichenko, Viacheslav Yurievich
Keywords: kidney
renal pyramids
classification of pyramids
morphometric characteristics
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: ДЗ "Дніпропетровська медична академія МОЗ України", м. Дніпро, Україна
Citation: Dudenko V. G. Topographo-morphometric characteristics of the human renal pyramids of the upper end at mature and elderly ages / V. G. Dudenko, V. Yu. Vdovichenko // Морфологія. – 2016. – Т. 10, № 3, ч. 1. – С. 135–138.
Abstract: 150 kidneys of human in mature and elderly age of both sexes died after accidents or with diseases not associated with the pathology of the urinary system were used to study topography and morphometry of the upper end of the pyramids of the kidney. Next indicators of renal pyramids were examined: diameter of the base of renal pyramid, the diameter of the renal papilla, the height of the renal pyramids, the volume of renal pyramids. Methods. Standard methods of anatomical study was used: preparation, macroscopy, morphometry of native kidneys, morphometry of renal pyramids in upper end based on plane-parallel topographical anatomical sections of kidney, comparative digital morphometry based on digital calibrated plane-parallel topographical anatomical sections of the upper end of the kidney, statistical processing and mathematical analysis of the data obtained. Results. It was found 634 pyramids in the upper end of 150 kidneys. There were found from 3 to 8 renal pyramids in the upper end of kidney, an average of 4.22±0.15. All pyramids structurally divided into two groups: 1) single (solitary), which independently form the renal papilla and drain into a minor renal calyces; 2) group (fusion), a compound of two or more single renal pyramids or large renal pyramids that looked split, since the renal papilla. Number of single renal pyramids from 3 to 8, on average (4.0±0.54). Number of group renal pyramids from 0 to 4, an average (2.0 ± 0,65). Depending on the drain place in the minor renal calices and the location in renal parenchima all pyramids were classified as follows: pyramids of the superior minor renal calyces: superior medial pyramid, superior lateral pyramid, anterior superior pyramid, posterior superior pyramid; pyramids of anterior superior minor renal calyces: anterior superior medial pyramid, anterior superior lateral pyramid; pyramids of the posterior superior renal calyces: posterior superior medial pyramid, posterior superior lateral pyramid. Constant superior medial pyramid (pms) - the largest significantly more than any other pyramids for all measured parameters (diameter of the base, the diameter of the renal papilla, height and volume of the pyramid). Commonly found superior lateral pyramid (pls) – has less than the previous in diameter of the base, the diameter of the renal papilla and height, but more in height. Superior anterior pyramid (pas) and superior posterior pyramid (pps) – commonly found, all parameters less than the previous two pyramids, average values of parameters differ slightly. Anterior superior lateral pyramid (plsa) and posterior superior lateral pyramid (plsp) - rare pyramids, all parameters less than the previous two pyramids, average values of the parameters differ slightly. Anterior superior medial pyramid (pmsa) and posterior superior medial pyramid (pmsp) - rare pyramids, all parameters less than the previous two pyramids, the average values of the parameters differ slightly. Conclusion. Perspective study the topography of the upper end of the human renal pyramids on the basis of the proposed classification based on their location in relation to the renal sector and parallels. Also, the classification of the pyramids, tied to small renal cups can also be used for other parts of the kidney.
URI: http://repo.knmu.edu.ua/handle/123456789/14730
ISSN: 1997-9665
Appears in Collections:Наукові праці. Кафедра клінічної анатомії та оперативної хірургії

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